Week 4: The Mystery of Self (3:02)

 Mystics in all ages describe the self as an infinite, stable and ever-present phenomenon. But modern physics describes the world as a self-designing organism, while science gives us a detailed description of the mechanisms our brain uses to construct the illusion of the self.  Could it be the illusion of self as a separate being that is keeping us in a  state of anxiety and fear and leading us astray as a society at this very delicate point in evolution?  What is the self?  Does it exist?

Week 4: The Mystery of the Self (24:47)

Descartes claimed that we cannot doubt the existence of self as a thinking subject. But David Hume maintained that there's only a bundle of perceptions and thoughts, no underlying self. Buddhists also reject the existence of a self which persists through time, as a consequence of a rejection of permanence generally. This sounds counter-intuitive to the western ear.  What does this mean for ethics and our conception of mind?  Joe Gelonesi interviews Alison Gopnik and Monima Chadha.

Week 4: The Buddha on Self and Non-Self (20:06)

 The Buddha's teachings on the self and on non-self are some of his most subtle, interesting, and unique. In this video Doug Smith looks at the subtle doctrine of the self taught by Buddhism.  Is there a self?  

Well, yes and no.  He compares the Buddha's view of the self with that of two western philosophers, David Hume and Derek Parfit.  There is a very good video with Derek Parfit discussing his notion of personal identity and that of the Buddha here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uS-46... 

Week 4: The Mystery of the Self - Derek Parfit (9:23)

 

Philosopher Derek Parfit discussing personal identity in the documentary Brainspotting, a two-video series (9:23) (10:08).  Parfit's interesting view of personal identity is strangely similar to and illustrative of the view of the Self in Buddhism.  What is it, exactly, that is the basis for our belief that I am me and there could not be two of me existing simultaneously?  Parfit presents a vivid and startling thought experiment to show the utter craziness of personal identity.

Week 4: the Narrative View of Self - article

 Once upon a time a philosopher wrote an article called ‘Don Quixote and The Narrative Self’. He commenced by saying: In this essay, I will discuss the question of whether our selves are constituted by narratives, ie stories.   Are we like Don Quixote, whose self was created by his reading of medieval romances: are we Homo quixotienses, the narrative self? Or are we rather like the protagonist of Sartre’s novel Nausea, Antonin Roquentin, whose life did not form any narrative unity? Are we in other words rather Homo roquentinenses?  (10 minute read)

Week 4: the Narrative View of the Self (9:11)

 In this Wireless Philosophy video, Elisabeth Camp (Rutgers University) introduces the narrative view of personal identity and its major problems. (9:11)